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European Energy Efficiency ERP

Core content:

The ERP Directive stipulates that energy-consuming products included in the implementation measures must be labeled CE before they can enter the EU market. Before obtaining the CE mark, the manufacturer or its authorized representative shall take measures to ensure that the product has passed the conformity assessment in accordance with the contents and procedures of the implementing measures specification, prepare the technical documents related to the conformity assessment of the product, and issue the EC conformity statement.

According to the ERP directive, the implementation measures should allow manufacturers to select one of the two conformity assessment modes of 'Internal Design Control' (Instruction Annex IV) and 'Environmental Management System' (Instruction Annex V) to carry out product evaluation according to their needs. However, manufacturers must submit relevant technical documents and test results to verify the authenticity of their conformity assessment. If a manufacturer adopts the 'internal design control' model, the relevant technical documents mainly include seven aspects: description of energy-consuming products, results of environmental assessment studies, ecological outline of products or product groups, elements of product design specifications, lists of relevant environmental factors, applicable standards or other coordination standards or alternatives used to prove compliance, users and processing agencies. The required information and measurement results; if the 'environmental management system' is selected, the manufacturer is required to provide the environmental performance policy of the product, formulate the framework of the environmental performance objectives and indicators of the product, establish the plan of the relevant procedure documents, and establish and maintain the core environmental elements of the presentation management system and manage all the necessary document information in the implementation. Manufacturers should take necessary measures to ensure that energy-consuming products are consistent with their design specifications and applicable implementation requirements, some of which are similar to environmental system certification.

The contents of the EC Conformity Statement (Annex VI to the Directive) shall include the name and address of the manufacturer or authorized representative, the description of the model, the adoption of coordination standards, the adoption of other technical standards or specifications, and other EC laws related to CE marking.

Documents relating to conformity assessment and EC conformity declaration shall be kept for 10 years after the final product of ErP has been manufactured for inspection by the supervisory bodies of EU member states, and shall be submitted within 10 days after receiving the request of the supervisory bodies of member states. If the manufacturer of ErP is not in the EU and has no authorized representative in the EU, the importer of ErP shall assume the legal responsibility to ensure that the relevant products pass the conformity assessment and preserve the relevant documents and the EC conformity declaration.

In addition to the above approaches, the ErP Directive also stipulates other conditions as a deduction of the compliance of the Directive: that is, if ErP products obtain the 'European Flower' ecological label (the labelling system is formulated in accordance with the EU Regulation EC No. 1980/2000), they will be regarded as the implementation measures of the ErP Directive. In addition, products with other existing ecological labels can also be considered to meet the requirements of the directive after evaluation according to the implementation measures.

The ERP Directive stipulates that Member States designate supervisory bodies to exercise market supervision powers over energy-consuming products entering the market. The power exercised by the supervisory authority is usually embodied in three aspects: first, it can inspect the energy-related products within the implementation measures, and instruct the manufacturer to recall the products that do not meet the requirements; second, it requires the relevant parties to provide the necessary information; third, it has the power to sample from the market and conduct conformity checks. Member States have the obligation to inform the European Commission and other member States of the information they have received in a timely manner. This means that when an energy-consuming product is prohibited from entering the markets of one or more EU member countries, it will also be unable to enter the markets of other EU member countries.

Operating mode:

The ERP directive specifies the general ecological requirements (Appendix I) and special ecological requirements (Appendix II) of energy-consuming products, and accordingly formulates specific ecological characteristics of specific products and implementation measures (Appendix VII of the directive). Manufacturers and EU importers adjust their products according to the specific specifications. If they meet the requirements, they can put them into the whole EU market. Otherwise, they will be banned or punished.

The general ecological requirements document does not set specific values, but sets a general benchmark. It requires consideration of different stages of the product life cycle, such as acquisition of raw materials, manufacturing processes, packaging, transportation and distribution, installation and maintenance, and enabling.

For the end-of-life discarding stage, the following basic ecological clauses are assessed:

Expected consumption of materials, energy and other resources, such as water;

Expected air, water or soil pollution;

It is anticipated that other forms of pollution such as noise, vibration, radiation, electromagnetic field, etc.

Expected waste, etc.

Consider the possibility of material and energy reuse, recycling and recycling in conjunction with WEEE directives.

Specific measurement parameters include:

The weight and volume of the product;

Utilization of recycled materials;

The total energy consumption of the whole life cycle of the product;

Use of harmful substances;

Consumption of use and maintenance;

The difficulty of recovery and reuse (material type and quantity, standard devices, separation time);

Compatibility with old components;

Avoid technical difficulties in recycling and utilization.

The prolongation of product life;

Emissions of hazardous wastes;

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Important instructions for processing, use and recycling.

For a specific product, the Commission conducts technical and economic analysis of the existing models of similar products on the market, thus selecting representative models and proposing various options for environmental improvement; at the same time, it identifies the best available technologies, products and refers to the standard requirements in various legislation. Then the economic and technological feasibility analysis is carried out, and specific implementation methods are obtained, and specific numerical requirements, such as the limited value of energy and material consumption, are put forward. For example, through the analysis of all kinds of washing machines on the market, we choose the best product from the technical and economic point of view, such as brand A's X (A-X) washing machine, then put forward the improvement choice of ecological environment, and then study the feasibility of the improvement based on this brand model washing machine. Finally, we get a specific requirement value. Such as the limit value of power consumption, water consumption and sewage discharge, shape, size, weight, etc. Then all washing machines must meet the requirements of the improved model of A-X washing machines in order to be put into the EU market.

mplementation measures:

ERP instructions are not directives for product requirements, but only a framework directive. In accordance with the relevant provisions of this directive, the EU formulates further directives on the ecological design requirements of certain energy-consuming products, called 'implementation measures'.

The ERP Directive specifies the principles to be followed for energy-consuming products considering implementation measures:

In the European market, there is a certain scale of sales and trade (more than 200,000 sets per year).

The product has a significant impact on the environment (e.g. the four major areas of environmental impact referred to in the EU VI environmental plan: climate change, diversity of natural and biological species, environmental health and quality of life, natural resources and waste);

It has great potential to improve the environmental impact without increasing too much cost.

In addition, the EU's environmental priorities (such as greenhouse gas emissions) should also be taken into account.

The formulation of implementation measures will start from the product life cycle, analyze the environmental impact factors and the feasibility of improving environmental performance, and then carry out competitiveness assessments in terms of innovation, market access, cost and benefit, taking into account the impact on the environment, consumers and manufacturers, including small and medium-sized enterprises. In addition, the EU requires that the implementation of measures to improve the environmental performance of products should not have a significant negative impact on consumers, especially on consumers'purchasing capacity and product life cycle costs; nor should it have a significant negative impact on manufacturers' competitiveness, including in markets outside the EU. Ring.

The ERP Directive stipulates that, while implementing the Directive, the European Commission should formulate a work plan to set up an indicative product group list for the next three years after the Directive is promulgated, which will be considered as a priority for approval of implementation measures.

ADD:7/F, Block A, Baoan Zhigu Science Park, 4 Yintian Road, Xixiang, Baoan District, Shenzhen
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